Monday, May 25, 2009

深或广?(更新)

从前,听一位老师说过,要成为一名学者,必需像一个倒向的金字塔,涉及的领域必须广,但在某一个点上却必须深。不够广,视野不够宽,那么可能是转牛角尖;然而只广不深,却永远不能成为顶尖学者。

以下有篇文章,Michael Bird 及 Craig Keener 这两位圣经学者对圣经研究提出了一些看法及建议。

Young scholars beginning their careers in biblical studies may have to decide if they are to pursue a career as a “specialist” in one particular field like Pentateuch, Prophets, Paul, Petrine literature or be a “generalist” with expertise across a whole Testament, Second Temple literature, and often even rabbinic and early Christian writings. The attraction to the specialist track can easily be identified: (1) It is easier to master the primary sources of one specific area; (2) secondary literature in our guild is growing exponentially and it is impossible to keep up with the scholarly developments in more than one field; and (3) in terms of career prospects it is easier to develop a research portfolio, and thus secure tenure and promotion, if one sticks to one field of research. That said, the generalist track should also remain a viable and fruitful avenue for scholars to pursue as careers. In this short piece we will present a case for the value of generalists in biblical studies, that is, for the scholar who is “jack of all trades, but master of none.”(全文

一些相关的部落格,请参这里这里这里